York County and the World War, Pennsylvania
The war time history of our community was not made solely by the bravery, the sacrifices and the victories of its soldiers, sailors and marines. The activities of all the rest of its patriotic citizens, men, women, and children, played a vital part, whether their achievements were the result of individual effort, or of the co-ordinated work of such organizations as the American Red Cross, the War Camp Community Service, the Food Administration and others too numerous to mention, which surmounted every obstacle caused by the national emergency with a zeal and an unselfish devotion that made history for this old County of ours.
In recording this history, it has been the honest aim of the editors to produce accurate and complete records. The undertaking has been so immense, however, that it is inevitable that some mistakes and omissions have been made, due to such obstacles as the failure of the relatives of some of the boys who lost their lives to send in photographs to complete the honor roll.
In the compilation of the necessary data, the editors have received much valuable assistance. Especially should recognition here be given to Mr. Grier Hersh for his kind help and encouragement. Further, without the splendid co-operation of the relatives of the boys who made the supreme sacrifice, the completion of this work would not have been possible.
It is earnestly hoped that there is given, in these pages, a general, correct and vivid picture of the wonderful and glorious sacrifices of the York County people. If, in addition, this history brings us to a realization of the sacrifices of our friends, especially those that gave their all, then the aim of this work may be said to have been accomplished.
Table of Contents
Foreword... Clifford J. Hall
Sometime We'll Understand (Poem)... James McGraaahan
The United Slates of America at War... Clifford J. Hall
A Proclamation... Woodrow Wilson
Why War Was Declared... Woodrom Wilson
In Memoriam... Clifford J. Hall
In Flanders Fields (Poem)... Lt. Colonel John McCrea
From Other Fields (Poem)... John Mitchell
Flanders Field... Nelson Horn
York County Court House Showing Honor Roll... Shadle and Busser
York County's Honor Roll... The Editors
Pictures and Sketches of Those Who Lost Their Lives... The Editors
The Return (Poem)... Urita Danna Platt
Alphabetical List of Those in the Service... The Editors
Letters of Interest from "Over There"... Boys of the A. E. F.
Group Pictures of Boys Before Leaving for Camps... Ben Sweigart
Gobdom (Poem)... Clifford J. Hall
Satire on the Kaiser... Louis Syberkrop
Overheard on a Train from Berlin to Holland... Treat "em Rough (Magazine)
The Kaiser's Prayer
York County and the Early Wars of Our History... George R. Prowell
York in the World War... Wadsworth M. George
York: A City of Thrift... Wadsworth M. George
Aeroplane Pictures of York... Ben Sweigart
The Silent Hero... Clifford J. Hall
They Also Serve (Poem)... Elizareth N. Hepburn
Some Prominent Men and'Their Work... John P. Lehn
Fifth Liberty Loan Workers... Grier Hersh
Board of Directors York County Chapter Red Cross... Shadle and Busser
The Red Cross Report, York Chapter... Rev. C. M. Ehehalt
The Red Cross Report. Hanover Chapter
Picture of Little Court House in Center Square
War Savings Stamps During the World War... O. Roland Read
Report of the War Council... James Rudisill
The Scouts of York County During the War... Ray F. Zaner
Activities of the Y. M. C. A... H. A. Bailey
Work of York Theater's During the World War... Wadsworth M. George
Speaking Activities of the Four Minute Men... G. Hay Kain
General John Sedgwick Post No. 37, G. A. R... G. P. Spangler
United Spanish War Veterans... Charles A. Lutz
York Post No. 127, American Legion... Curtis A. Thomas
World War Statistics... John P. Lehn
World War's Notable Dates... John P. Lehn
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Not for aggrandizement, acquisition of territory, covetous- ness of any kind or vainglory: but at war in the cause of humane rights — the only cause that could stir this great, powerful, peace-loving and law abiding country to the violence that war entailed.
Our part of America is the giant among the nations of the world. It is a country of more than one hundred million people, with resources valued at more than two hundred and fifty billion dollars — figures that are by far too large for most of us to realize in their full significance. This was a vast force to inject into the terrible war that was convulsing the world, but powerful as it was, it could not have been given its full impetus without united action of the whole people. We — that is to say the bulk of the people — were slow to realize that a state of war existed. But not only did we make up our minds to the fact that the country was at war, but also to the fact that it needed our help. And we realized too, that the quicker we responded to the call and the more energy we put into our efforts the more apt we were to shorten the period of strife and save suffering for friend and foe alike.
There was work for every one. Even those who did and gave but little should be cheered because of the fact that even that little counted. What each could and should have done was outlined by President Wilson in his proclamation, dated April fifteenth, Nineteen hundred seventeen. The people of York County did their share.