An authentic history of Lancaster County: in the state of Pennsylvania

The historical part of this work really terminates with the Revolution, the events subsequent to that period being embodied in the later Divisions.

The most diligent search has failed to bring to light the Military Record of the County during the wars with Great Britain in 1812-1814, and with Mexico. In this connection it is also proper to state that in the absence of complete and authentic lists of the sons of Lancaster County in the Regular Service of the United States it has been thought expedient to leave that part of the Military Record unnoticed. For want of authentic information several of the lists of public officers begin at a comparatively late date. The hope is indulged that after the lapse of several years, when a new edition of this work shall be called for, these and other deficiencies may be supplied. Much valuable material, now scattered and inaccessible, might be procured and rendered permanently available by the formation of local historical societies in every section of the County affiliated to a General Historical Society at Lancaster.

By far the larger portion of the material is new; it might easily have been doubled, but restricted to prescribed limits, I have been guided by the principle to select documents of the greatest interest to the largest number of people.


Table of Contents

DIVISION I. Historical 1
DIVISION II. Topographical 346
DIVISION IV. Political 427
DIVISION V. Religious 450
DIVISION VI. Educational and Literary 462
DIVISION VII. Agricultural and Industrial 485
DIVISION VIII. Philanthropic 495
DIVISION IX. Physical 500
DIVISION X. Documentary 1


List of Ilustrations

Map of the County to face the Title Page.
Old Map of the Country round Lancaster, in 1730 to face page 119
Original Plan designed for the town of Lancaster " " 369
The Court House " " 437
Poor House and Hospital " " 443
County Prison " " 444
Geological Map of Lancaster County " " 605
Hieroglyphics on Rocks at Safe Harbor " " 612


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From a passage in Diodorus Siculus, [B.C. 100] stating that some "Phoenicians were cast upon a most fertile island opposite to Africa after having passed the islands which lie beyond the straits of Hercules, we will speak of those which lie much farther into the ocean. Towards Africa, and to the West of it, is an immense island in the broad sea, many days' sail from Lybia. Its soil is very fertile, and its surface variegated with mountains and valleys. Its coasts are indented with many navigable rivers, and its fields are well cultivated; delicious gardens and various kinds of plants and trees." This is supposed to refer to America. But this is by no means the oldest tradition; for Hanno, flourishing about B.C. 800, at the height of Carthaginian greatness, is said to have explored the coast of Africa and starting from the straits of Hercules to have sailed Westward oO days. Hence it has been inferred that Hanno visited America.