History of Lorain County, Ohio

In the preparation of this History, accuracy has been the aim of the publishers. They have endeavored to confine themselves within the limits of ascertained facts and reliable data, and while they have not published every item of history belonging to the county of Lorain, all that is really important is given, and that which is published may be regarded as authentic.

Gentlemen of experience, as writers, have assisted the author in the production of this book: and it is believed that the subjects, which each writer has severally dealt with, have been treated with care and thoroughness. In the general history department, A.G. Riddle, of Washington, D.C contributed the chapter on "Pioneer Life:" Jay Terrell, the "Geology" and "Fossil Fishes:" P.H. Boynton, the "Bar of Lorain County:" George G. Washburn, the "Press of Lorain County;" K. Baker, the "Lorain Agricultural Society." The history of "Elyria" was mainly prepared by Dr. L.T. Griswold; that of "Russia," including "Oberlin," by Rev. Henry Matson; that of "Wellington," by Hon. J.H. Dickson, while Mrs. Nesbett contributed the greater part of "Grafton." To the pen of President Fairchild, the publishers are indebted, in the main, for the history of "Brownhelm," and the biography of "Father Keep." They are also under obligations to many others who have aided them greatly in collecting and furnishing data for this history.

The publishers feel that they have done the work, they undertook to do, faithfully; and while the book may not be found entirely free from blemishes, they are confident that none of a serious character will be discovered.

Hitherto the publishers have had their county histories published in Philadelphia, by J.B. Lippincott & Co., but this volume is from the press of the Leader Printing Company, Cleveland, who have done themselves credit by the high degree of typographical excellence shown in the printing of this book. Every inhabitant of the Western Reserve has cause for congratulation in the fact, of which this History of Lorain County is proof, that Cleveland is able to maintain successful rivalry with Philadelphia, New York and Boston, in the publication of books whose beauty of typography is of the highest standard attained by the "art preservative."

Table of Contents


I. Discovery 9
II. The Connecticut Western Reserve 10
III. The Connecticut Land Company 13
IV. Physical Features 18
V. Fossil Fish, and Where they are found 30
VI. The Mound-Builders 32
VII. The Indians 33
VIII. The Moravian Missions 37
IX. Pioneer Life 38
X. Civil Organization 41
XI. Civil List 43
XII. The Bar of Lorain County 45
XIII. The Press of Lorain County 55
XIV. Lorain Agricultural Society 68
XV. Lorain in the Rebellion 77
XVI. Roster of Soldiers 90


Elyria 103
Columbia 147
Ridgeville 157
Russia 169
Eaton 199
Black River 207
Brownhelm 217
Henrietta 236
Carlisle 245
Sheffield 250
Grafton 255
Avon 271
Huntington 278
Rochester 284
Camden 289
Penfield 298
Lagrange 308
Brighton 327
Amherst 325
Wellington 347
Pittsfield 367


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The members of this company effected an organization on the 5th day of September, 1795. This was done at Hartford, Connecticut. They adopted articles of association and agreement, fourteen in number. Their first article designated the name by which they chose to be known. Article number two provided for the appointment of a committee, consisting of three of their number, John Caldwell, John Brace, and John Morgan, to whom each purchaser was required to execute a deed in trust of his share in the purchase, receiving in exchange a certificate from the.se trustees showing that the holder thereof was entitled to a certain share in the Connecticut Western Reserve, which certificate of share was transferable by proper assignment.