History of Cuyahoga County, Ohio

The subject of our history comprises the present territory of the county of Cuyahoga and the acts of the inhabitants of that territory. Everything lying beyond those limits will receive only such mention as maybe necessary to show the connection of the chain of events.

The work is naturally divided into three portions. The first consists of a general history of the county. comprising a connected chronological record of the principal events from the earliest accounts down to the year 1879; followed by some statistical matter, by condensed histories of the principal regiments and batteries containing Cuyahoga county soldiers in the War for the Union, and by sketches of various organizations which pertain to the county at large, but an account of which cannot well lie incorporated in the continuous record.

The second part is composed of a history of the city of Cleveland constructed on the same plan; that is, with a general account of the city's magnificent progress from its first permanent settlement by the whites to the present time, accompanied with separate sketches of the various churches, societies, and other prominent institutions within its present corporate limits.

The third part will be occupied by histories of all the townships in the county; each being arranged on the same plan as that of the city, though necessarily occupying far less space, and the first settlement by the whites being taken as the starting point in each.

Interspersed among these city and townships histories will be found numerous portraits of citizens of the county, accompanied by biographical sketches, together with illustrations of building and natural scenery.

The earlier portion of the general history of the county is necessarily derived entirely from books, while for the later part contributions have also been levied on newspapers, manuscript records and personal reminiscences. For the city and township histories we have depended principally on the three last named sources of information, it being seldom that we find crystalized in books the facts occurring during the present century, to which those minor histories principally relate.

In regard to early history, we are under especial obligations to Colonel Charles Whittlesey's "Early History of Cleveland." As Colonel Whittlesey has gone over the same ground, many of the facts narrated by us relating to the title and survey of the Western Reserve, and the first settlement of the county, are also mentioned by him, although we have consulted many other authorities and original manuscripts, and some surviving residents of the county previous to the war of 1812, and have added considerable to the stores contained in the Colonel's valuable repository. The arrangement, the language and the conclusions are entirely our own.


Table of Contents


Part First
General History of the County

Part Second
The City of Cleveland

Part Third
The Townships



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Less is known of the Erics than of most other Indian tribes, for during the middle part of the seventeenth century the French missionaries and fur-traders were generally deterred by the enmity of the Iroquois from taking the route to the West by way of Lake Erie, and ere that route was opened to European travel the Erie nation was blotted out of existence, as will hereafter be described. From the slight accounts which have reached us, however, it is evident that they did not differ materially from the other Indian, tribes which surrounded them, and whose characteristics are so well known to Americans.