History of Coos County, New Hampshire

To those who have secured the preparation of this history: to those who have so generously and liberally furnished the illustrations; to those who have contributed their time and labor to make this a reliable repository of valuable information of the days of "auld Jang syne"; to those well-wishers of the enterprise whose cheering words and willing assistance have ever been at our service; to these, and those unnumbered ones who have extended manifold courtesies to us, we hereby express our hearty thanks, and trust that the perusal of this volume will be a pleasure and a satisfaction to them during long years to come. To compile even the history of a single county requires much time, research, watchful care and discrimination in order to record facts and not hearsay. "Out of monuments, names, words, proverbs, traditions, records, fragments of stone, passages of books, and the like, we doe save and recover somewhat from the deluge of time."


Table of Contents

I. "The county of Cooss" 17
II Geology 20
III. Topography 26
IV. Scenery of Coos 34
V. Indian History 40
VI. White Mountains 46
VII. Plants 58
VIII. Game of Coos Counts 60
IX. Early History 72
X. Early Settlers 77
XI. Revolutionary Period and Early Roads 85
XII. Survey and Marking of New Hampshire and Maine Boundary 93
XIII. Resources, Attractions, Traditions, Sports, and Policy of Coos Concerning Fish and Came 106
XIV. The Timber Interests of Northern Coos 123
XV. Coos County Press: Agricultural Societies; Railroads 131
XVI. Masonry in Coos 139
XVII. The Soldiers of Coos 160
XVIII. Public Buildings 195
XIX. National and State Officers 199
XX. Bench and Bar 207


XXI. Lancaster 261
XXII. Lancaster. (Continued.) 268
XXIII. Lancaster. (Continued.) 276
XXIV. Lancaster. (Continued.) 287
XXV. Lancaster. (Continued.) 291
XXVI. Lancaster. (Continued.) 299
XXVII. Lancaster. (Continued.) 323
XXVIII. Lancaster. (Continued.) 333
XXIX. Lancaster. (Continued.) 342
XXX. Lancaster. (Continued.) 350
XXXI. Lancaster. (Continued.) 359
XXXII. Jefferson 399
XXXIII. Jefferson. (Continued.) 403
XXXIV. Jefferson. (Continued.) 410
XXXV. Jefferson. (Continued.) 413
XXXVI. Jefferson. (Continued.) 415
XXXVII. Jefferson. (Continued.) 417
XXXVIII. Kilkenny 426
XXXIX. Carroll 427
XL. Carroll. (Continued.) 430
XLI. Carroll. - (Continued.) 434
XLII. Whitefield 447
XLIII. Whitefield. (Continued.) 455
XLIV. Whitefield. (Continued.) 460
XLV. Whitefield. (Continued.) 469
XLVI. Whitefield. (Continued.) 479
XLVII. Whitefield. (Continued.) 482
XLVIII. Dalton 506
XLIX. Dalton. (Continued.) 512
L. Dalton. (Continued.) 519
LI. Dalton. (Continued.) 529
LII. Dalton. (Continued.) 535
LIII. Northumberland 539
LIV. Northumberland. (Continued.) 542
LV. Northumberland. (Continued.) 546
LVI. Northumberland. (Continued.) 549
LVII. Northumberland. (Continued.) 554
LVIII. Stark 562
LIX. Stark. (Continued.) 570
LX. Stark. (Continued.) 575


LXI. Colebrook 583
LXII. Colebrook. (Continued.) 587
LXIII. Colebrook. (Continued.) 590
LXIV. Colebrook. (Continued ) 594
LXV. Colebrook. (Continued.) 600
LXVI. Colebrook. (Continued.) 604
LXVII. Colebrook. (Continued.) 616
LXVIII. Colebrook. (Continued.) 626
LXIX. Dixville 649
LXX. Stewartstown 651
LXXI. Stewartstown. - (Continued.) 659
LXXII. Stewartstown. (Continued.) 664
LXXIII. Stewartstown. (Continued.) 669
LXXIV. Stewartstown. - (Continued.) 674
LXXV. Clarksville 689
LXXVI. Pittsburg 696
LXXVII. Pittsburg. (Continued.) 700
LXXVIII. Pittsburg. (Continued.) 705
LXXIX. Pittrburg. (Continued.) 707
LXXX. Pittsburg. (Continued.) 712
LXXXI. Pittsburg. (Continued.) 717
LXXXII. Columbia 721
LXXXIII. Columbia. (Continued.) 725
LXXXIV. Columbia. (Continued.) 731
LXXXV. Columbia. (Continued.) 735
LXXXYI. Columbia. (Continued.) 738
LXXXVII. Stratford 744
LXXXVIII. Stratford. - (Continued.) 748
LXXXIX. Stratford. (Continued.) 754
XC. Stratford. (Continued.) 759
XCI. Stratford. (Continued.) 765
XCII. Stratford. (Continued.) 767


XCIII. Berlin 783
XCTV. Berlin. (Continued.) 788
XCV. Berlin. (Continued.) 795
XCVI. Berlin. (Continued.) 799
XCVII. Berlin. (Continued.) 804
XCVIII. Berlin. (Continued.) 808
XCIX. Milan 830
C. Milan. (Continued.) 835
CI. Milan. (Continued.) 838
CII. Milan. - (Continued.) 842
CIII. Milan. - (Continued.) 846
CIV. Dummer 854
CV. Dummer. - (Continued.) 859
CVI. Shelburne 867
CVII. Shelburne . (Continued.) 871
CVIII. Shelburne. (Continued.) 876
CIX. Shelburne. (Continued.) 880
CX. Gorham 888
CXI. Gorham. - (Continued.) 894
CXII. Gorham. (Continued.) 900
CXIII. Gorham (Continued.) 906
CXLV. Gorham. (Continued.) 911
CXV. Gorham. (Continued.) 921
CXVI. Randolph 935
CXVII. Randolph. (Continued.) 941
CXVIII. Randolph. (Continued.) 943
CXIX. Errol 948
CXX. Errol. (Continued.) 951


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Karnes. At Colebrook we find an interesting gravel-ridge or kame portions of which remain north of the junction of Beaver brook and Mohawk river, but most noticeably west of the village, extending nearly a mile parallel with the river. Its height is about seventy feet above the river, and fifty above the low alluvium on each side. Its material is the same as that of the long kame farther south in this valley, being principally coarse, water- worn gravel, with abundant pebbles six inches to one foot in diameter. This ridge was deposited in the glacial channel of the river which flowed from the ice-sheet at its final melting.