History of Boone County, Missouri
In presenting to the citizens of Boone County this history, it is with the full knowledge that there must necessarily be some errors found within its pages; otherwise, it would be different from any work yet compiled by human hands, absolute perfection never having been reached, either in the historical or any other field of earthly labor.
In attempting to compile a complete history of Boone County a great variety of sources of information had to be consulted by the writers hereof: old files of newspapers, early official records, previously written historical works and reviews, old settlers still living, letters of correspondence and private documents have all been consulted in embodying what is set forth in this history. Considering all these things, absolute freedom from error would be a miracle of wonders. Much care, however, has been taken to avoid ex parte statements, and the writers and publishers claim that this history, while not exact in everything, treats all with fairness and candor. To gather the incidents of the long ago has been a work of infinite care and attention to detail. Intelligent readers may judge, therefore, how this labor has been performed, and do us the justice to accredit us with an honest endeavor to make this history worthy, in all respects, the careful perusal of the reader.
To name all persons to whom the publishers are indebted for the facts herein, would be an undertaking of too great a magnitude, for there is scarcely a citizen of any prominence in the county who has not, in some way, contributed to the compilation of this work. First and foremost the publishers desire to acknowledge themselves indebted to Col. Wm. F. Switzler, of Columbia, who has written the greater part of the general history, besides revising and correcting the condensed matter of this publication pertaining to the State of Missouri. To Dr. George C. Swallow, late of Columbia, the publishers are under special obligations for many favors extended them, and particularly for the very able and scientifically written chapter on the geology of the county. Mr. John W. Hatton, one of Columbia's literary authors, has aided, by his faithful labor, the completion of these pages, the most of the biographical matter being the arrangement of his ready pen. Mr. Ed. W. Stephens, editor of the HeroUd, has been freely drawn upon in his historical sketch of Boone County, published in the County Atlas of 1876. All the editors of all the papers of the county, also Dr. A.F. Sneed and Dr. P.S. Hocker, of Centralia, Gen. Odon Guitar, Maj. Jas. S. Rollins, and other citizens of Columbia, Dr. F.G. Sitton, of Ashland, and a host of other private citizens too numerous to mention have assisted in furnishing the information herein embodied; and to the entire citizenship of the county, the publishers return thanks for the universal courtesy with which they and their assistants have been treated.
With these few preliminary remarks we submit this work to the tender criticism of a charitable public. And when, in days to come, its pages shall be conned by children yet unborn, it is hoped that they may be able to say that its perusal, besides entertaining and instructing them, has the better prepared them for the exercise of all the functions of intelligent citizenship in a free and enlightened land.
Table of Contents
HISTORY OF MISSOURI.
HISTORY OF ST. LOUIS.
The Louisiana Purchase — Brief Historical Sketch... 1-7
Descriptive and Geographical... 7-18
Geology or Missouri... 18-21
Title and Early Settlers... 21-27
Territorial Organization... 27-31
Admission into the Union... 31-37
Missouri as a State... 37-43
Civil War in Missouri... 43-58
Early Military Record of the State... 53-59
Agriculture and Mineral Wealth 59-65
Education — The Public School System 65-78
Religious Denominations 73-79
Gov. Crittenden's Administration 79-85
From 1762 to 1882 — Leading Institutions, etc... 86-106
LAWS OF MISSOURI.
Public and Personal Rights, Legal Forms, etc. 107-120
Population, Vital, Industrial and Political Statistics .... 121-124
HISTORY OF BOONE COUNTY.
Introduction — Early History... 125-148
From the Organization of the County, in 1820, to 1880 .... 148-182
History of the County from 1680 to 1840... 182-216
Early Colleges and Academies... 217-229
Early History of the Missouri State University... 229-269
History of the State University from 1848 to 1860... 270-290
History of the State University from 1860 to 1882... 291-330
History of the County from 1840 to 1860... 330-359
History of the County from 1850 to 1860... 360-394
The Civil War Commenced — History from 1860 to 1863... 394-426
The Civil War Concluded... 427-486
History of the County from 1866 to 1870... 486-502
History of the County from 1870 to 1882... 508-530
Geology of Boone County... 531-538
Bourbon Township... 539-614
Cedar Township... 614-692
Centralia Township... 682-788
Columbia Township... 784-800
The City of Columbia... 801-974
Missouri Township... 975-1064
Perchk Township... 1065-1104
RockyFork Township... 1104-1186
Boone County Live Stock Interests... 1185-1142
List of County Officials... 1148-1144
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BRIEF HISTORICAL SKETCH.
The purchase in 1803 of the vast territory west of the Mississippi River, by the United States, extending through Oregon to the Pacific coast and south to the Dominions of Mexico, constitutes the most important event that ever occurred in the history of the nation.
It gave to our Republic additional room for that expansion and stupendous growth, to which it has since attained, in all that makes it strong and enduring, and forms the seat of an empire, from which will radiate an influence for good unequaled in the annals of time. In 1763, the immense region of country, known at that time as Louisiana, was ceded to Spain by France. By ^a secret article, in the treaty of St. Ildefonso, concluded in 1800, Spain ceded it back to France. Napoleon, at that time, coveted the island of St. Domingo, not only because of the value of its products, but more especially because its location in the Gulf of Mexico would, in a military point of view, afford him a fine field whence he could the more effectively guard his newly-acquired possessions. Hence he desired this cession by Spain should be kept a profound secret until he succeeded in reducing St. Domingo to submission. In this undertaking, however, his hopes were blasted, and so great was his disappointment that he apparently became indifferent to the advantages to be secured to France from his purchase of Louisiana.