History of Androscoggin County, Maine
From innumerable sources of information, many of them broken, fragmentary, and imperfect, from books, manuscripts, records, and private documents, we have gathered much of value respecting this valley of Androscoggin and its savage and civilized occupancy. In our labors we have endeavored to separate truth from error, fact from fiction, as they come down to us from the half-forgotten days in legend, tradition and the annals of the past.
We express our thanks to those who have willingly given of their time and labor to aid us; to those who have contributed the illustrations, thereby adding much to the value of this work; to those whose cheering words and earnest assistance have ever been at our service; and to those whose courtesy has been extended to us during our sojourn in this most progressive of counties.
Table of Contents
Chapter I... 17
The County of Androscoggin.
Chapter II... 22
Chapter III... 32
The Androscoggin River.
Chapter IV... 44
Aboriginal Tribes and History.
Chapter V... 49
Early Titles, Occupancy, Etc.
Chapter VI... 56
The Pejepscot Claim.
Chapter VII... 64
Chapter VIII... 69
The Birds of Androscoggin County.
Chapter IX... 94
Mail Routes, Railroads, and Post-offices.
Chapter X... 105
Chapter XI... 183
Chapter XII... 208
Masonic and Odd Fellow Societies.
Chapter XIII... 281
The Press of Androscoggin.
Chapter XIV... 300
National, State, and County Officers.
Chapter XV... 307
The Courts and Bench and Bar.
CITIES AND TOWNS. - EASTERN DIVISION.
LEWISTON. - (By J. G. Elder).
Chapter XVI... 343
Chapter XVII... 357
Ecclesiastical History Church Organizations Schools.
Chapter XVIII... 382
Saw and Grist Mills - Lewiston Falls Water-Power Co. R.C. Pingree & Co. Read,
Small & Co. Barker's Mills Other Mills Lewiston Falls Manufacturing Co. The First
Cotton Mill Lewiston Water-Power Co. Franklin Co. Lincoln Mill Bates Manufacturing Company Hill Manufacturing Co. Androscoggin Mill Continental Mills The
Lewiston Mill Avon Mill Lewiston Bleachery Cowan Woolen Co. Cumberland Mill
Union Water-Power Co. Lewiston Machine Co. Gay- Woodman Co. Jordan, Frost
& Co. Lewiston Bobbin Shoii H.H. Dickey & Son Lewiston Monumental Works Other
Chapter XIX... 395
Railroads County and State Agricultural Societies Fire Department Lewiston Gas
Light Co. Manufacturers and Mechanics Library Association Lewiston City Buildings
City Park Soldiers' Monument Lewiston Water Works Lewiston & Auburn Horse Railroad First National Bank Manufacturers National Bank Androscoggin County Savings
Bank People's Savings Bank - Board of Trade Central Maine General Hospital French
Hospital Y. M. C. A. Nealey Rifles Frye Light Guards Associations.
Chapter XX... 406
Physicians Merchants Business Interests Personal Sketches Resume.
LISBON. (By Asa P. Moore, Esq.).
Chapter XXI... 433
Early Boundaries Petitions Town of Bowdoin Incorporation of Thompsonborough
Situation, Limits, and Formation Surface and Soil Description Old Houses Education
Occupation of First Settlers Early History Other Settlers and Descendants Early
Mills War of 1812 Physicians First Town Meeting of Thompsonborough School
Districts Extracts from Town Records Action in the Civil War Civil List.
Chapter XXII... 450
Religious Societies Free Baptists Congregationalists Universalists Methodists Baptist Church of Lisbon Falls The Roman Catholic Church.
Chapter XXIII... 456
Lisbon Business Interests Traders, etc. Farwell's Cotton Mills The Farnsworth Co.
New England Mineral Paint Co. Personal Sketches Lisbon Falls Worumbo Manufacturing Co. The Androscoggin Water-Power Co. Lisbon Falls Fibre Co. Lisbon Falls
Cooperative Association Lisbon Falls Creamery Association Merchants, etc. Personal
Chapter XXIV... 468
Incorporation Elevations, Ponds, and Streams Grants, Surveys, and Soil Settlers
Early Roads Some First Things Early Values First Magistrates Lawyers Physicians
Other Settlers and Descendants First Town Meeting and Excerpts from Town Records
Webster in the Civil War Civil List.
Chapter XXV... 477
Sabattus Saw and Grist Mills Niles's Mills Webster Woolen Co. Traders, etc.
Sabattus Cooperative Association Webster Corner Farmers Churches Schools.
WALES. (By John C. Fogg, Esq.).
Chapter XXVI... 485
Organization - Surface and Soil Settlements and Settlers Churches Schools Mills
and Manufactures Civil List and Town Records Action in the Rebellion.
Chapter XXVII... 499
Area Boundaries Elevations Ponds Soil Productions The First Settlers Petition
for Incorporation Remonstrance Against Incorporation Incorporation Development of
Business Pearly Conveyances Valuation and Residents in 1818 Lots and Occupants in
1820 Gleanings from Town Records Early Action Concerning Schools.
Chapter XXVIII... 511
Settlers and Descendants.
Chapter XXIX... 529
Baptist Church First Meeting-House First Church Bell Universalism Free Baptist
Church Methodists Adventists Schools and Teachers Temperance Revolution War
of 1812 Madawaska War Rebellion Centennial Longevity Burying Grounds Physicians Orcharding and Orchardists Merchants Some Smart Things Done by Greene Men -
Natives of Greene Attaining Prominence Civil List.
Chapter XXX... 550
Boundaries Formation-Surface and Soil Dead River Its Peculiarities Indian Village Thomas and Roger Stinchfield Early Settlers Heads of Families in the First Part
of this Century Character of the Early Settlers Soldiers of the Revolutionary War and
War of 1812 Early Roads.
Chapter XXXI... 557
Excerpts from Town Records First Town Meeting First Officers Action in the Civil
War Civil List.
Chapter XXXII. 562
The First Baptist Church Universalism Methodism The First Freewill Baptist
Church The Quakers Schools Temperance Mills Other Industries Sketches.
EAST LIVERMORE. (By Cyrus Knapp, Esq.).
Chapter XXXIII 584
Incorporation Topography Livermore Falls Early Mills Freshet Early Business
Places and Residences Advent of the Railroad Hotels and Stores Dr Millett and Lawyer
Knapp Toll Bridge Railroad Extension Mills and Manufacturing Churches I.O.
G.T. Camp-Ground Physicians Lawyers Civil List Personal Sketches.
CITIES AND TOWNS-WESTERN DIVISION.
Chapter XXXIV... 599
Auburn Indian Occupancy Territory Title Surface Soil Early Settlers and Lots
Incorporation Action and Growth Goff's Corner Early Settlements Stores and Traders The Carpet Factory First Teacher First Hotel Increase in Values Business Houses
in 185 1 Formation of Androscoggin County The Great Fire Auburn Village Corporation -
Auburn Village in 1859 East Auburn West Auburn North Auburn Stevens Mills New
Chapter XXXV... 611
City of Auburn.
Chapter XXXVI... 627
Early Shoe Manufacturing Progress from 1800 to 1870 Manufacturers Twenty Years
Ago Statistics from 1871 to 1881 Manufacturers Ten Years Ago From 1881 to 1891 Shoe
and Other Manufactories, January, 1891 The Shoe Companies Other Manufacturing
Minor Industries, etc.
Chapter XXXVII... 642
Auburn Bank First National Bank Auburn Savings Bank National Shoe and Leather
Bank Mechanics Savings Bank American Banking and Trust Co. Auburn Trust Co.
Municipal Court Board of Trade Maine Benefit Association Auburn Loan and Building
Association Androscoggin Land Association Lake Auburn Fish Protective Association
Auburn Aqueduct Co. Little Androscoggin WaterPower Co. Lewiston and Auburn
Electric Light Co. Physicians Leading Traders Merchants and Business Men Organizations.
Chapter XXXVIII... 657
Universalist Churches Congregational Churches Baptist Churches Free Baptist
Church Methodist Episcopal Churches Episcopal Church Y.M.C.A. Schools Ladies'
Charitable Society Auburn Art Club Associated Charities Public Library.
DANVILLE. (By George Thomas Little).
Chapter XXXIX... 691
Municipal Affairs Civil List Settlement and Social Life, etc. Matters Ecclesiastical.
Chapter XL... 703
Educational History and Lewiston Falls Academy Biographical.
Chapter XLI... 716
Chapter XLIL... 725
Incorporation Surface and Soil Early Settlers Hackett's Mills Poland Corner West
Poland Early Traders, etc. Early Taverns South Poland Poland Spring Mechanic
Falls Paper-Making Poland Paper Company Other Business Interests Mechanic Falls
Ledger Physicians, etc.
Chapter XLIII... 741
Congregational Churches Universalist Church Methodist Episcopal Church Freewill
Baptist Churches Adventism Shakers Baptist Church Gleanings from Town Records -
Chapter XLIV... 757
Incorporation Boundaries Name Physical Features, Soil, Population and Valuation
First Settler Captain Daniel Bucknam and Descendants Early and Other Settlers Voters
Chapter XLV... 768
Town Records, Happenings, etc. Minot in the War Civil List Churches Schools
Chapter XLVI... 779
Mechanic Falls Minot Corner West Minot Some of Minot's Principal Farmers
Chapter XLVII... 791
Derivation of Name Boundaries Surface and Soil Royalsborough First Plantation
Meeting Extracts from Plantation Records Plantation Committees Incorporation of
Durham First Town Meeting Extracts from Town Records War of 1812 Rebellion
Chapter XLVIII... 796
Prominent Early and Other Settlers Congregational Church First Free Baptist
Church Quakers Methodist Episcopal Church Baptist Church Universalists Temperance Centennial Growth and Prosperity Hotels, Traders, etc.
Chapter XLIX... 806
Boundaries Township Granted Sylvester-Cauada Names of Proprietors Description Attempts at Settlement Pioneer and Other Settlers Inhabitants in 1780 1790
1800 Town Annals, etc.
Chapter L... 815
County Roads and Taverns Industries, Traders, etc. Turner Village Turner Centre -
North Turner Keen's Mills Chase's Mill s Bridges Civil List.
Chapter LI... 825
Ecclesiastical Congregationalism The Baptists Universalism Methodist Episcopal
Church Meeting-Houses Schools Temperance Physicians Lawyers Centennial
Something About Some of the People.
Chapter LII... 842
Situation Soil Incorporation First Meeting and Names of Proprietors Extracts from
Proprietors' Records Something Concerning the Earliest Settlers Early Boundaries
What Paul Coffin Writes of the People Other Settlers, etc.
Chapter LIII... 856
Excerpts from Town Records Early Mills Early Traders and Tradesmen Livermore
Village North Livermore Livermore Centre Farmers Revolutionary Soldiers Early
Militia War of 1812 Civil War Ecclesiastical Physicians and Lawyers Education The
Norlands Washburn Memorial Library Civil List.
Appendix Knights of Pythias... 873
Read the Book - Free
Download the Book - Free ( 76.0 MB PDF)
The territory of Androscoggin county was comprised first in York county. Cumberland and Lincoln counties were formed June 19, 1760, the boundary between them being the Androscoggin river "north of where it enters the county as now bounded on the south." Kennebec county was organized from the northern part of Lincoln, February 20, 1799, with East Livermore, Greene, Leeds, and Wales in its limits. Oxford county was created March 4, 1805, from the northern part of Cumberland and York, and Livermore and Turner were incorporated with it. When Androscoggin county was organized, March 18, 1854, it acquired its territory from Cumberland, Kennebec, Oxford, and Lincoln counties. Auburn, Danville, Durham, Minot, and Poland were taken from Cumberland; East Livermore, Greene, Leeds, and Wales from Kennebec; Lewiston, Lisbon, and Webster from Lincoln; Livermore and Turner from Oxford. Many of these towns have had a corporate existence for years, some of them antedating the Revolution. The name of the principal river of the county was appropriately given to the new organization.