Baird's History of Clark County, Indiana

In the preparation of this history, the author has endeavored to carry out the following design, viz; to give only the most important and interesting- events, and to place them before the reader in not only an attractive hut systematic form. The chronological arrangement of the history proper from the traditional period to the present time, is treated in decades, as by this method, the gradual development of the people and the resources of the county can be best appreciated. Following this will he found separate chapters on such phases of our history as deserve individual treatment. The military annals, the churches, the secret societies, the ship-building industry, the car works, banks and banking, the bench and bar, etc., etc., ha\e been described from data furnished by men most capable and most intimately acquainted with these subjects.

If some of our frailties have been exposed, the account of our material development, and the high character and ability of our earlier leaders more than overbalance the weaknesses of those periods, and should serve to direct and enthuse the lives and efforts of this and succeeding generations. The author has endeavored most conscientiously to make this work authentic and complete and has freely consulted authorities both local and otherwise.

 

Table of Contents

CHAPTER I.
TRADITIONAL EARLIEST INHABITANTS OF CLARK COUNTY 17

CHAPTER II.
EARLY HISTORY OF CLARK COUNTY BEFORE ORGANIZATION 23

CHAPTER III.
THE ILLINOIS GRANT 26

CHAPTER IV.
ORGANIZATION OF CLARK COUNTY THE FIRST DECADE 1801-181O 46

CHAPTER V.
THE SECOND DECADE 1811-182O 62

CHAPTER VI.
THE THIRD DECADE 182O-183O 77

CHAPTER VII.
THE FOURTH DECADE 183O-184O 88

CHAPTER VIII.
THE FIFTH DECADE 184O-185O 96

CHAPTER IX.
THE SIXTH DECADE 185O-1860 104

CHAPTER X.
THE SEVENTH DECADE 186O-187O 114

CHAPTER XI.
THE EIGHTH DECADE 187O-1880 117

CHAPTER XII.
THE NINTH DECADE 1880-189O 124

CHAPTER XIII.
THE TENTH DECADE 1891-19OO 127

CHAPTER XIV.
THE ELEVENTH DECADE 19OO-191O 130

CHAPTER XV.
THE MILITARY HISTORY OF CLARK COUNTY I786-1844 137

CHAPTER XVI.
THE MILITARY HISTORY OF CLARK COUNTY 1844-1860 152

CHAPTER XVII.
Rousseau's Regiment Camp Joe Holt Jefferson Genera' Hospital Jeffersonville During War of Rebellion United States Quarter- master Depot The Indiana Greys The Clark Guards Home Guards Morgan's Raid 159

CHAPTER XVIII.
THE MILITARY HISTORY OF CLARK COUNTY 178

CHAPTER XIX.
THE MILITARY HISTORY OF CLARK COUNTY 198

CHAPTER XX.
FREE MASONRY IN CLARK COUNTY 211

CHAPTER XXI.
ODD FELLOWSHIP, PYTHIANS AND OTHER SECRET SOCIETIES 220

CHAPTER XXII.
HISTORY OF ST. PAUL'S PARISH, JEFFERSONVILLE, THE ONLY EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN THE COUNTY 229

CHAPTER XXIII.
THE METHODIST CHURCH IN THE COUNTY 252

CHAPTER XXIV.
THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN CLARK COUNTY 259

CHAPTER XXV.
THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH IN CLARK COUNTY 270

CHAPTER XXVII.
THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH IN CLARK COUNTY.
THE SEVENTH DAY ADVENT CHURCH IN CLARK COUNTY 276

CHAPTER XXVIII.
THE REFORMED CHURCH IN CLARK COUNTY 278

CHAPTER XXIX.
THE BENCH AND BAR OF CLARK COUNTY 282

CHAPTER XXX.
BANKS AND BANKING IN CLARK COUNTY 315

CHAPTER XXXI.
THE RIVER - STEAMBOAT BUILDING AND STEAMBOATING - FLOATBOATING AND FALLS PILOTING - HARBOR IMPROVEMENTS AND THE NINE FOOT STAGE 321

CHAPTER XXXII.
HOSPITALS AND HOMES 357

CHAPTER XXXIII.
PUBLIC UTILITIES 362

CHAPTER XXXIV.
THE INDIANA REFORMATORY AND THE AMERICAN CAR AND FOUNDRY COMPANY 375

CHAPTER XXXV.
JOURNALISM IN CLARK COUNTY 386

CHAPTER XXXVI.
SCHOOL OF CLARK COUNTY 394

CHAPTER XXXVII.
THE LIME AND CEMENT INDUSTRY 399

CHAPTER XXXVIII.
PATRIOTIC SOCIETIES 403

CHAPTER XXXIX.
PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS OF CLARK COUNTY 410

CHAPTER XL.
THE JEFFERSONVILLE CARNEGIE LIBRARY - THE BORDEN MUSEUM 425

CHAPTER XLI.
INDUSTRIES AND STATISTICS 428

BIOGRAPHICAL 431

 

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VOLUME II

 

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All life and achievement is evolution: present wisdom comes from past experience, and present commercial prosperity has come only from past exertion and suffering. The deeds and motives of the men that have gone before have been instrumental in shaping the destinies of later communities and states. The development of a new country was at once a task and a privilege. It required great courage, sacrifice and privation. Compare the present conditions of the residents of Clark county, Indiana, with what they were one hundred years ago. From a trackless wilderness and virgin prairie it has come to be a center of prosperity and civilization, with millions of wealth, systems of intersecting railways, grand educational institutions, marvelous industries and immense agricultural productions. Can any thinking person be insensible to the fascination of the study which discloses the incentives, hopes, aspirations and efforts of the early pioneers who so strongly laid the foundation upon which has been reared the magnificent prosperity of later days? To perpetuate the story of these people and to trace and record the social, political and industrial progress of the community from its first inception is the function of the local historian. A sincere purpose to preserve facts and personal memoirs that are deserving of preservation, and which unite the present to the past is the motive for the present publication. The work has been in the hands of able writers, who have, after much patient study and research, produced here the most complete biographical memoirs of Clark county, Indiana, ever offered to the public. A specially valuable and interesting department is that one devoted to the sketches of representative citizens of this county whose records deserve perpetuation because of their worth, effort and accomplishment. The publishers desire to extend their thanks to these gentlemen who have so faithfully labored to this end. Thanks are also due to the citizens of Clark county for the uniform kindness with which they have regarded this undertaking, and for their many services rendered in the gaining of necessary information.