History of Douglas County, Illinois
In the preparation of a history of any minor subdivision of a State, allusion is necessarily made to various events of the past which are well known to many old residents, and many things of the present are recorded which are not strange to the intelligent citizen. Nevertheless all no not know all of the past, nor is any one thoroughly posted on the present. Hence the hope that this compilation amounts at least to an interchange of knowledge, which being "collected and refreshed" puts all on an equal footing for a fresh start.
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By the treaty of peace between the French and English in 1763, the Illinois Country was ceded to the latter. It remained in their hands until 1778 in which year Virginia troops under General Clark conquered the country. A county called Illinois was then organized, and had been considered hitherto a part of the territory included in the charter of Virginia. Virginia ceded it to the United States in 1787, and it was called the "Northwest Territory." In 1800 it received a separate organization and I territorial government in conjunction with, and under the name of Indiana. Another division took place in 1809 when the distinct territories of Indiana and Illinois were formed.