History of Fairfield County, Connecticut

The province of the historian is to gather the threads of the past ere they elude forever his grasp and weave them into a harmonious web to which the Art Preservative may give immortality. Therefore he who would rescue from fast-gathering oblivion the deeds of a community and send them on to futurity in an imperishable record should deliver "a plain, unvarnished tale,"

"Nothing extenuate, Nor set down aught in malice."

In such a spirit have the compilers of the following pages approached the work of detailing the history of the county embodied herein, and trust they have been fairly faithful to the task imposed.

It has been our honest endeavor to trace the history of the development of this section from that period when it was in the undisputed possession of the red man to the present, and to place before the reader an authentic narrative of its rise and progress to the prominent position it now occupies among the counties of New England.

That such an undertaking is attended with no little difficulty and vexation none will deny. The aged pioneer relates events of the early settlements, while his neighbor sketches the same events with totally different outlines. Man's memory is ever at fault, while Time paints a different picture upon every mind. With these the historian has to contend; and, while it has been our aim to compile an accurate history, were it devoid of all inaccuracies that perfection would have been attained of which the writer had not the faintest conception, and which Lord Macaulay once said never could be reached.

From colonial and other documents in the State archives, from county, town, and village records, family manuscripts, printed publications, and innumerable private sources of information, we have endeavored to produce a history which should prove accurate, instructive, and in every respect worthy the county represented. How well we have succeeded in our task a generous public, jealous of its reputation and honor, of its traditions and memories, of its defeats and triumphs, must now be the judge.

We desire to acknowledge our sincere thanks to the editorial fraternity generally for much valuable information, which has greatly lessened our labor in the preparation of this work, and also to each and every one who has assisted us in its compilation, and would cheerfully make personal mention of each, but it is impracticable, as the number reaches over a thousand.

 

Table of Contents

CHAPTER I.
GEOGRAPHICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE 9

CHAPTER II.
Bench and Bar 10

CHAPTER III.
MEDICAL HISTORY THE AGRICULTURAL, SOCIETY 23

CHAPTER IV.
MILITARY HISTORY 43

CHAPTER V.
MILITARY HISTORY (CONTINUED) 54

CHAPTER VI.
Population and School Statistics 64

CHAPTER VII.
BRIDGEPORT 65

CHAPTER VIII.
BRIDGEPORT (CONTINUED). PEQCONNOCK, OR STRATFIELD, FROM THE FIRST SETTLEMENT BY THE WHITES TO THE BEGINNING OF THE REVOLUTION 68

CHAPTER IX.
BRIDGEPORT (CONTINUED). BRIDGEPORT AND VICINITY IN THE REVOLUTION 77

CHAPTER X.
BRIDGEPORT (CONTINUED) 85

CHAPTER XI.
BRIDGEPORT (CONTINUED) 94

CHAPTER XII.
BRIDGEPORT (CONTINUED). - THE PUBLIC INSTITUTION OF BRIDGEPORT 106

CHAPTER XIII.
BRIDGEPORT (CONTINUED). - PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS OF BRIDGEPORT, CONCLUDED.

CHAPTER XIV.
BRIDGEPORT (CONTINUED). - CATALOGUE OF UNION VOLUNTEERS, RESIDENTS OF BRIDGEPORT, WHO ENLISTED IN CONNECTICUT REGIMENTS DURING TEH REBELLION 129

CHAPTER XV.
BROOKFIELD 169

CHAPTER XVI.
DANBURY 177

CHAPTER XVII.
DANBURY (CONTINUED). - THE WAR OF THE REVOLUTION 182

CHAPTER XVIII.
DANBURY (CONTINUED). - VIEW OF DANBURY IN 1815-20 195

CHAPTER XIX.
DANBURY (CONTINUED) 205

CHAPTER XX.
DANBURY (CONTINUED). - ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY 210

CHAPTER XXI.
DANBURY (CONTINUED) 220

CHAPTER XXII.
DANBURY (CONTINUED). - MISCELLANEOUS - THE PRESS, ETC. 229

CHAPTER XXIII.
DANBURY (CONTINUED) 238

CHAPTER XXIV.
DANBURY (CONTINUED). CIVIL AND MILITARY 247

CHAPTER XXV.
DARIEN 266

CHAPTER XXVI.
DARIEN (CONTINUED) - ECCLESIASTICAL, CIVIL, AND MILITARY HISTORY 270

CHAPTER XXVII.
EASTON 274

CHAPTER XXVIII.
FAIRFIELD 278

CHAPTER XXIX.
FAIRFIELD (CONTINUED) 284

CHAPTER XXX.
FAIRFIELD (CONTINUED) 287

CHAPTER XXXI.
FAIRFIELD (CONTINUED) 317

CHAPTER XXXII.
FAIRFIELD (CONTINUED). - MISCELLANEOUS 335

CHAPTER XXXIII.
FAIRFIELD (CONTINUED). - ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY 346

CHAPTER XXXIV.
FAIRFIELD (CONTINUED). - CIVIL AND MILITARY 356

CHAPTER XXXV.
GREENWICH 366

CHAPTER XXXVI.
GREENWICH (CONTINUED). - THE WAR OF THE REVOLUTION 371

CHAPTER XXXVII.
GREENWICH (CONTINUED). - ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY 381

CHAPTER XXXVIII.
GREENWICH (CONTINUED). - CIVIL LIST - MISCELLANEOUS 389

CHAPTER XXXIX.
HUNTINGTON 409

CHAPTER XL.
HUNTINGTON (CONTINUED). - MANUFACTURING INTERESTS 413

CHAPTER XLI.
MONROE 427

CHAPTER XLII.
NEW CANAAN. THE FIRST SETTLEMENTS. THE OLD PARISH 437

CHAPTER XLIII.
NEW CANAAN (CONTINUED). - ECCLESIASTICAL AND EDUCATIONAL 440

CHAPTER XLIV.
NEW CANAAN (CONTINUED). - CIVIL AND MILITARY. - LODGES, ETC. 442

CHAPTER XLV.
NEW FAIRFIELD 454

CHAPTER XLVI.
NEWTON 459

CHAPTER XLVII.
NEWTON (CONTINUED). - CHURCHES - LODGES - SCHOOLS - CIVIL AND MILITARY HISTORY, ETC 462

CHAPTER XLVIII.
NORWALK 482

CHAPTER XLIX.
NORWALK (CONTINUED). SKETCHES OF THE ORIGINAL INHABITANTS 488

CHAPTER L.
NORWALK (CONTINUED). UNPUBLISHED TRADITIONAL FACTS IN THE HISTORY OF NORWALK 494

CHAPTER LI.
NORWALK (CONTINUED) 506

CHAPTER LII.
NORWALK (CONTINUED). DOCUMENTARY AND CIVIL HISTORY 515

CHAPTER LIII.
NORWALK (CONTINUED). MISCELLANEOUS 545

CHAPTER LIV.
NORWALK (CONTINUED). - MISCELLANEOUS 548

CHAPTER LV.
NORWALK (CONTINUED). ECCLESIASTICAL 558

CHAPTER LVI.
REDDING 574

CHAPTER LVII.
REDDING (CONTINUED) 577

CHAPTER LVIII.
REDDING (CONTINUED). - THE WAR OF THE REVOLUTION 590

CHAPTER LIX.
REDDING (CONTINUED). - ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY 600

CHAPTER LX.
REDDING (CONTINUED). MISCELLANEOUS 614

CHAPTER LXI.
REDDING (CONTINUED). CIVIL, MILITARY, AND DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 620

CHAPTER LXII.
RIDGEFIELD 631

CHAPTER LXIII.
RIDGEFIELD (CONTINUED) 639

CHAPTER LXIV
RIDGEFIELD (CONTINUED) 650

CHAPTER LXV.
RIDGEFIELD (CONTINUED) 662

CHAPTER LXVI.
RIDGEFIELD (CONTINUED). - MISCELLANEOUS 676

CHAPTER LXVII.
SHERMAN 684

CHAPTER LXVIII.
STAMFORD 692

CHAPTER LXIX.
STAMFORD (CONTINUED). - THE SOLDIERY OF STAMFORD - THE HEROES OF FOUR WARS 701

CHAPTER LXX.
STAMFORD (CONTINUED) 707

CHAPTER LXXI.
STAMFORD (CONTINUED) 714

CHAPTER LXXII.
STAMFORD (CONTINUED) 721

HAPTER LXXIII.
STAMFORD (CONTINUED) 724

CHAPTER LXXIV.
STRATFORD 750

CHAPTER LXXV.
STRATFORD (CONTINUED). THE REVOLUTION, ETC 756

CHAPTER LXXVI.
STRATFORD (CONTINUED). WITCHCRAFT AND KNOCKINGS - ROMANCE AND TRADITION 759

CHAPTER LXXVII.
STRATFORD (CONTINUED). CHURCHES, LODGES, SCHOOLS 761

CHAPTER LXXVIII.
STRATFORD (CONTINUED). CIVIL AND MILITARY, ETC 768

CHAPTER LXXIX.
TRUMBULL 772

CHAPTER LXXX.
TRUMBULL (CONTINUED). CIVIL AND ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY 776

CHAPTER LXXXI.
WESTON 805

CHAPTER LXXXII.
WESTPORT 811

CHAPTER LXXXIII.
WESTPORT (CONTINUED). - ECCLESIASTICAL 819

CHAPTER LXXXIV.
WESTPORT (CONTINUED) 827

CHAPTER LXXXV.
WILTON 813

CHAPTER LXXXVI.
WILTON (CONTINUED) 847

CHAPTER LXXXVII.
WILTON (CONTINUED). MISCELLANEOUS 853

CHAPTER LXXXVIII.
BETHEL 864
SUPPLEMENT 87

 

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Fairfield County was organized at a Court of Election held at Hartford May 10, 1666, at which time John Winthrop was Governor of the colony.