The Victoria history of the county of Sussex, England

Volume I

One of the first to make collections for the history of Sussex was Sir William Burrell, LL.D., F.R.S., F.S.A., an eminent lawyer who visited many of the parishes, collected drawings of the objects of interest, and spent a considerable amount of time on the genealogy of the county families. He however never printed the result of his labours, and at his death in 1796 he bequeathed the whole of his valuable collections to the British Museum, where they now lie among the Additional MSS. These collections have been very considerably used by subsequent historians of the county, and particularly, perhaps, by Rev. James Dallaway, M.A., who compiled from this source, at the expense of the Duke of Norfolk, The History of the Three Western Rapes of Sussex. The first volume of this history, comprising the account of the rape and city of Chichester, was published in 18 15, and the first part of the second volume, containing the rape of Arundel, in 1819. The rape of Bramber, forming the second part of the second volume, was undertaken at Dallaway's request by Rev. Edmund Cartwright, but was not published till 1830. Dallaway's history is a useful book, but it cannot be considered reliable according to the modern standard of historical research.


Table of Contents

Dedication v
The Advisory Council of the Victoria History vii
General Advertisement vii
The Sussex County Committee xiii
Contents xv
List of Illustrations xvii
Preface xix
Table of Abbreviations xxi
Natural History

Geology 1
Palaeontology 27
Botany 41
Brambles 67
Marine Zoology 71
Non-Marine Molluscs 108
Orthoptera (Earwigs, Grasshoppers, Crickets, etc.) 110
Neuroptera (Dragonflies, Lacewings, etc.) 113
Hymenoptera Phytophaga, Tenthredinids (Sawflies) 118
Cynipidae (Gallflies) 122
Entomophaha (Ichneumon Flies) 124
Braconidae 129
Chrysididae 129
Hymenoptera Aculeata (Ants, Wasps, and Bees) 130
Coleoptera (Beetles) 136
Lepidoptera Rhopalocera (Butterflies) 164
Lepidoptera Heterocera (Moths) 170
Diptera (Flies) 210
Hemiptera Heteroptera (Bugs) 226
Hemiptera Homoptera 234
Spiders 238
Crustaceans 245
Fishes 267
Reptiles and Batrachians 271
Birds 273
Mammals 299 Early Man 309
Anglo-Saxon Remains 333
Introduction to the Sussex Domesday 351
Translation of the Sussex Domesday 387
Ancient Earthworks 453
Political History 481
Index to the Sussex Domesday 541


Read the Book - Free

Download the Book - Free ( 37.4 MB PDF )



Table of Contents

Dedication v
Contents ix
List of Illustration? and Maps xiii
Editorial Note xv
Ecclesiastical History 1
Religious Houses

Introduction 45
Cathedral of Chichester 47
Abbey of Battle 52
Priory of Boxgrove 56
Priory of Sele 60
Nunnery of 'Ramestede' 63
Priory of Rusper 63
Priory of Lewes 64
Abbey of Robertsbridge 71
Priory of Hardham 74
Priory of Hastings 75
Priory of Michelham 77
Priory of Pynharn 80
Priory of Shulbred 81
Priory of Tortington 82
Priory of Easebourne 84
Abbey of Otham 85
Abbey of Bayham 86
Abbey of Dureford 89
Preceptory of Saddlescombe 92
Preceptory of Shipley 92
Preceptory of Poling 93
House of Dominican Friars, Arundel 93
House of Dominican Friars, Chichcster 94
House of Dominican Friars, Winchelsea 94
House of Franciscan Friars, Chichester 95
House of Franciscan Friars, Lewes 95
House of Franciscan Friars, Winchelsca 96
House of Austin Friars, Rye 96
House of Carmelite Friars, Shoreham 97
Hospital of St. James, Arundel 97
Hospital of the Holy Trinity, Arundel 97
Hospital of Battle 98
Hospital of Bidlington 98
Hospital of Buxted 99
Hospital of St James and St. Mary Magdalen, Chichester 99
Hospital of St. Mary, Chichester 100
Hospital of 'Loddesdown,' Chichester 1O2
Hospital of Rumboldswyke, Chichester 103
Hospital of Stockbridge, Chichester 103
Hospital of Harting 1O3
Hospital of Hastings 1O3
Hospital of St. James, Lewes 1O3
Hospital of St Nicholas, Lewes 104
Hospital of Playden 104
Hospital of St. James, Seaford 105
Hospital of St. Leonard, Seaford 105
Hospital of St. James, Shoreham 106
Hospital of St. Katherine, Shoreham 106
Hospital of Sompting, or Cokeham 106
Hospital of Westham 106
Hospital of West Tarring 107
Hospital of St Bartholomew, Winchelsea 107
Hospital of the Holy Cross, Winchelsea 107
Hospital of St. John, Winchebea 107
Hospital of Windham 108
College of Arundel 108
College of Rosham 109
College of Hastings 112
College of South Mailing 117
Priory of Arundel 110
Rallivate of Atherington 120
Priory of Lyminster 121
Priory of Runcton 121
Collegiate Church of Steyning 121
Priory of Wilmington 122
Priory of Withy ham 123
Ballivate of Warminghurst 124
Maritime History 125
Social and Economic History 169
Table of Population, 1801-1901 215
Introduction 229
Iron 241
Bell-Founding 249
Pottery 251
Brickmaking 253
Glass 254
Textile Industries 255
Tanning 259
Brewing 260
Cider 263
Fisheries 264
Agriculture 273
Forestry 291
Ecclesiastical 327
Civil and Domestic 380
Military 394
Introduction 397
Chichester Prebendal School 399
Hastings Grammar School 409
Lewes Grammar School 411
Cuckfield Grammar School 416
Horsham Grammar School 421
Steyning Grammar School 424
Rye Grammar School 425
Hartfield School 427
Midhurst Grammar School 427
East Grinstead School 430
Brighton College 430
Brighton Grammar School 431
The Woodard Schools 431
Lancing College 432
Hurstpierpoint College 433
St. Saviour's School, Ardingly 434
Eastbourne College 434
Christ's Hospital, West Horsham 435
Elementary Schools founded before 1800 437
Sport Ancient and Modern
Hunting 441
Fox-Hunting 441
The Charlton Hunt 441
The Goodwood Hounds 443
The Petworth Hounds 444
The First East Sussex Hunt 446
The South Down Foxhounds 446
The Present East Sussex Hunt 447
The Crawley and Horsham Hunt 447
The Bridge Hunt 448
The Burstow Hunt 448
The Eastbourne Hunt 448
Stag-Hunting 448
The South Coast Staghounds 449
The Warnham Staghounds 449
Harriers 449
Point-to-Point Races 452
Beagles 452
Otter-Hunting 453
Coursing 453
Racing 454
Polo 461
Shooting 461
Angling 463
Cricket 467
Golf 477
Athletics 480


Read the Book - Free

Download the Book - Free ( 46.0 MB PDF )

It is not easy to fix on any point in time at which we can say that the history of Sussex began. We commonly speak of history as commencing with the first obscure and mutilated chronicles. Or perhaps we go back, to somewhat earlier periods, for which we have only rude tradition, folklore or antiquities of uncertain age to act as guides. But history as we here understand it commences at an earlier date. It begins with the gradual building up of the solid earth on which we stand; it deals with the rise of this land above the sea, its sculpture into hill and valley, and as a result its preparation and adaptation for man's occupation. We do not intend to go back, like the old chronicles, to the creation, or to start with a cosmogony. It will be sufficient for our purpose to indicate how the foundations of Sussex were laid, and to suggest what the world was like in those early days, what were its inhabitants, and what each successive period added to its mineral wealth, to its beauty, to its suitability for man. In thus treating the science of geology it is evident that attention must principally be devoted to the later geological periods, those which either lead up to or are directly concerned with the occupation of the county by man. Space will not allow us to deal fully with the earlier periods, or with the successive changes of their faunas and floras; full information, however, will be found in the books and papers mentioned in the footnotes, which give references to the leading sources of information.