The Victoria history of the county of Rutland, England


The county of Rutland covers so small an area that it is difficult in dealing with its history not to trespass over the borders. This has been particularly felt with regard to the articles on the natural history of the county. Its size also militates against any great individuality, and hence perhaps the reason why its history has not been completely written since James Wright issued his History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland in 1684, with additions in 1687 and 1714. Thomas Blore commenced to write The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland, but only vol. i, pt. 2, which comprises the East Hundred and Hundred of Casterton Parva, was published in 1811, the value of which was increased by the drawings of his more eminent son Edward Blore the architect.


Table of Contents

Dedication v
The Advisory Council of the Victoria History vii
General Advertisement vii
Contents xiii
List of Illustrations and Maps xv
Preface xvii
Table of Abbreviations xix
Natural History

Geology By A. Jukes-Browne 1
Palaeontology 17
Botany 19
Molluscs 35
Insects 38
Orthoptera (Earwigs, Cockroaches, Grasshoppers, and Crickets) 38
Neuroptera (Psocids, Stone-flies, Mayflies, Dragon-flies, &c.) 38
Hymenoptera (Ants, Wasps, Bees, &c.) 39
Coleoptera (Beetles) 30
Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths) 40
Rhopalocera 41
Heterocera 42
Diptera (Flies)
Hemiptera (Bugs, Plant-lice, &c.) 45
Heteroptera 45
Homoptera 45
Crustaceans 46
Fishes 51
Reptiles and Batrachians 54
Birds 55
Mammals 77
Early Man 81
Romano-British Rutland 85
Anglo-Saxon Remains 95
Ancient Earthworks 107
Introduction to the Rutland Domesday 121
Translation of the Rutland Domesday 138
Ecclesiastical History 143
Religious Houses
Introduction 159
Priory of Brooke 159
Hospital of Tolethorpe 161
Hospital of St. Margaret, Great Casterton 162
Hospital of St. John Evangelist and St. Anne at Oakham 162
College of Blessed Mary at Manton 163
Priory of Edith Weston 163
Political History
To 1625 165
From 1625 184
Social and Economic History 211
Table of Population, 1801-1901 229
Introduction 233
Quarrying 235
Wool and Textiles 236
Agriculture 239
Forestry 251
The Grammar Schools of Oakham and Uppingham 261
Their Foundation 261
Subsequent History of Oakham Grammar School 269
Subsequent History of Uppingham Grammar School 281
Elementary Schools founded before 1800 298
Sport Ancient and Modern
Fox-hunting 301
The Cottesmore 301
Racing 306
Shooting 306
Angling 307


Read the Book - Free

Download the Book - Free ( 19.8 MB PDF )



Read the Book - Free

Download the Book - Free ( 28.4 MB PDF )

The county of Rutland occupies a portion of the undulating uplands which lie between the great low-lying plain of the Fenland on the east and the somewhat higher inland plain formed by the outcrop of the Liassic clays on the west. The uplands, which rise in places to 600 and 700 feet above the sea, owe their existence to the outcrop of certain limestones which will be described in the following pages.