The Victoria history of the county of Nottingham, England


So much of the County of Nottingham was covered on its north and east sides by the Forest of Sherwood that the early history of this district is comparatively slight. Nottinghamshire can, however, claim to possess one of the oldest county histories in Dr. Robert Thoroton's Antiquities of Nottinghamshire, published in 1677. Though not perhaps equal to its contemporary the History of Warwickshire, by Dugdale, it is a work of considerable research, and has remained till now the only history of the county, for John Throsby's History of Nottinghamshire published in 1797 is practically a reprint of Thoroton's work, with a few additions to the text and illustrations.


Table of Contents

Dedication v
The Advisory Council of the Victoria History vii
General Advertisement vii
The Nottinghamshire County Committee xiii
Contents xv
List of Illustrations xvii
Preface xix
Table of Abbreviations xxi
Natural History

Introduction xxvii
Geology 1
Palaeontology 37
Introduction 41
Botanical Districts 48
Vascular Plants 51
Musci (Mosses) 61
Hepaticae (Liverworts and Scale Mosses) 65
Algae 66
Lichens 67
Fungi 68
Molluscs 75
Aptera (Spring-tails and Bristle-tails) 79
Orthoptera (Earwigs, Grasshoppers, etc.) 80
Neuroptera (Dragon-flies, May-flies, Caddis-flies, etc.) 81
Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Saw-flies, Ichneumons, etc.) 83
Coleoptera (Beetles) 93
Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths) 108
Diptera (Flies) 123
Hemiptera (Bugs, etc.) 128
Myriapoda (Centipedes and Millipedes) 131
Spiders 132
Crustaceans 141
Fishes 152
Reptiles and Batrachians 155
Birds 156
Mammals 177
Early Man 183
Anglo-Saxon Remains 193
Introduction to the Nottinghamshire Domesday 207
Text of the Nottinghamshire Domesday 247
Ancient Earthworks 289
Political History 317
Forestry 365


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Table of Contents

Dedication v
Contents ix
List of Illustration and Maps xiii
Editorial Note xv
Romano-British Nottinghamshire 1
Ecclesiastical History 37
Religious Houses

Introduction 79
Priory of Blyth 83
Priory of Wallingwells 89
Priory of Lenton 91
Abbey of Rufford 101
Priory of Beauvale 105
Priory of Felley 109
Priory of Newstead 112
Priory of Shelford 117
Priory of Thurgarton 120
Priory of Worksop 125
Abbey of Welbeck 129
Priory of Broadholme 138
Priory of Mattersey 140
Preceptory of Ossington 142
Franciscan Friars of Nottingham 144 Carmelite Friars of Nottingham 145
Observant Friars of Newark 147
College of Clifton 148
Chantries or College of Newark 148
College of Ruddington 149
College of Sibthorpe 150
Collegiate Church of Southwell 152
College of Tuxford 161
Hospital of Bawtry 162
Hospital of St. Edmund, Blyth 164
Hospital of St. John the Evangelist, Blyth 164
Hospital of Bradebusk 166
Hospital of St. Anthony, Lenton 167
Hospital of St. Leonard, Newark 167
Hospital of the Holy Sepulchre, Nottingham 168
Religious Houses (continued)
Hospital of St. John Baptist, Nottingham 168
Hospital of St. Leonard, Nottingham 173
Hospital of St. Mary at West Bar, Nottingham 174
Plumtree's Hospital, Nottingham 174
Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen, Southwell 175
Hospital of St. Leonard, Stoke 176
Introduction 179
Southwell Minster Grammar School 183
The Magnus Grammar School, Newark 199
The Newark Girls' School 215
Nottingham Grammar School 216
Nottingham University College 238
East Retford Grammar School 239
Mansfield Grammar School 245
Brunts' Technical School, Mansfield 249
The Girls' Grammar School 250
Tuxford Grammar School 250
Elementary Schools founded before 1800 252
Social and Economic History 265
Table of Population, 1801-1901 307
Introduction 319
Coal 324
Building Stone 330
Gypsum or Alabaster 331
Glass and Pottery 333
Fisheries 335
Tanning 337
Shoe-making 339
Glove-making 340
Wool 340
Cloth 344
Dyeing and Bleaching 347
Silk and Velvet 350
Flax and Linen 351
Cotton 351
Industries (continued)
Hosiery 352
Worsted 358
Lace 358
Malting and Brewing 363
Ironwork, Foundries, Motors, Cycles, and Machine Building 366
Bell-Founding 367
Agriculture 371
Sport Ancient and Modern
Hunting 383
Foxhounds 383
The Rufford 383
The South Notts 385
The Grove 386
Racing 388
Shooting 398
Decoys 401
Angling 402
Cricket 405
Old Time Sports 410
Rowing 413
Swimming 416
Athletics 418


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Nottinghamshire, one of the north-midland counties of England, is in form an irregular oval, about fifty miles in length from north to south, and with a greatest width of about twenty-six miles from east to west : its total area is about 844 square miles. Its political borders are formed by the counties of York, Derby, Leicester and Lincoln, which bound it on the north, west, south and east respectively. In the north-east portion of the county the river Trent forms a natural boundary, as do also the Erewash and Soar, and about three miles of the Trent, in the south-west, but elsewhere the boundary is not formed by natural features, unless we except the few insignificant lengths along which the Witham and one or two small streams coincide with the county boundary. In its physical features Nottinghamshire presents no very great diversity; it possesses none of the wild moorland or bold mountainous scenery of its neighbors on the north and west. Along the course of the Trent, which stretches across the southern and eastern parts of the county, are extensive areas of rich low-lying pasture and arable land, but elsewhere the surface is for the most part of a gently undulating character, rising in some places into low ranges of hills, which attain their greatest altitude to the south and west of Sutton-in-Ashfield, where there is a good deal of ground lying above the contour line of 600 feet. The highest points indicated on the last edition of the ordnance map are 651 feet at Hucknall-under-Huth- waite; 631 feet at Wild Hill, one mile north of the former station; and 629 feet and 614 feet respectively to the east and south-east of East Kirkby. Of lesser height are the hills north of Blidworth (500 feet); 'The Plains' in the immediate neighborhood of Nottingham, which rise to a height of 470 feet at Dorket Head, and 508 feet at Cockpit Hill; and the Wolds in the extreme south of the county, which just reach 400 feet. On the other hand a great part of the eastern side of the county lies below the 100 feet contour line, and in the Carr lands of the extreme north we have an area much of which is less than 10 feet above sea level.