The Victoria history of the county of Dorset, England



Table of Contents

Dedication v
Contents ix
List of Illustrations and Maps xi
Editorial Note xiii
Ecclesiastical History 1
Religious Houses

Introduction 47
Abbey of Abbotsbury 48
Abbey of Cerne 53
Abbey of Milton 58
Abbey of Sherborne 62
Priory of Cranborne 70
Priory of Horton 71
Abbey of Shaftesbury 73
Priory of Holne or East Holme 80
Abbey of Bindon 82
Abbey of Tarrant Kaines 87
Preceptory of Friar Mayne 90
Dominican Friars of Gillingham 92
Dominican Friars of Melcombe Regis 92
Franciscan Friars of Dorchester 93
Carmelite Friars of Bridport 95
Carmelite Friars of Lyme 96
Austin Friars of Sherborne 96
'Priory Hermitage' of Blackmoor 96
Wilcheswood 98
Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen, Allington 98
Hospital of Long Blandford 100
Hospital of St. Mary and the Holy Spirit, Lyme 100
Hospital of St. John the Baptist, Bridport 100
Hospital of St. John the Baptist, Dorchester 101
Hospital or Lazar-House, Dorchester 103
Hospital of St. John the Baptist, Shaftesbury 103
Hospital of St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist, Sherborne 104
Hospital of St. Thomas, Sherborne 105
Hospital of St Leonard, Tarrant Rushton 105
Hospital of St. Margaret and St. Anthony, Wimborne 106
Hospital of Wareham 107
Wimborne Minster 107
Priory of Frampton 113
Priory of Loders 116
Priory of Povington 118
Priory of Spettisbury 119
Priory of Wareham 121
Political History 123
Maritime History 175
Social and Economic History 229
Table of Population, 1801-1901 264
Agriculture 275
Forestry 287
Sport, Ancient and Modern
Introduction 299
Hunting 300
Foxhounds 300
Blackmore Vale Hounds 304
The Cattistock 308
The South Dorset 310
Lord Portman's Hounds 312
Point-to-Point Races 313
Stag-Hunting 313
The Ranston Bloodhound 313
Roe-Deer Hunting 314
Harriers and Beagles 315
Otter-Hunting 315
Racing 316
Racing Celebrities 317
Training Establishments and Stud Farms 317
Polo 318
Shooting 318
Falconry 319
Angling 320
Golf 322
Introduction 325
Quarrying 331
The Hemp Industry 344
Fisheries 353
Cloth 360
Silk 362
Pottery and Tiles 363
Brewing 366
Cider 369


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The Victoria History of Dorset, Volume II, containing most of the 'general' articles for that county, appeared in 1908. Articles on natural history, pre-history, and schools, and the translation, with commentary, of the county section of Domesday Book then remained to be published in order to complete the 'general' volumes. Though a volume to contain those articles was in preparation at the time, it was not proceeded with, and the First World War put a stop to all further activity on Dorset. An opportunity arose in 1965 to publish separately the Domesday section, which had been prepared for another purpose, and it was decided to do so and not to await the completion of any other 'general' articles. The Royal Commission on Historical Monuments are in any case actively engaged in surveying the county's prehistoric monuments and the case for compiling a partially overlapping survey did not seem compelling. There is, moreover, no strong probability that natural history articles, apart from a survey of physique, will now be needed. They have been omitted from the Victoria History scheme in recent years. It is possible that accounts of ancient endowed grammar schools will in Dorset's case eventually be incorporated in the 'topographical' articles.


Table of Contents

Dedication v
Contents ix
List of Illustrations xi
Editorial Note xiii
Introduction to the Dorset Domesday 1
Translation of the Text of the Dorset Domesday 61
Introduction to the Dorset Geld Rolls 115
Text and Translation of the Dorset Geld Rolls 124
Summaries of Fiefs in Exon Domesday 148
Index to the Dorset Domesday and Geld Rolls 150
Index to Volumes II and III 159
Corrigenda to Volume II 189


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Save for the discovery of that early Christian emblem, the chirho, in a Roman pavement excavated at Frampton there is no evidence to connect Dorset with the early Roman-British church, or any proof that Christianity existed here before the later Roman mission. Nor can the ecclesiastical history of this county be said to commence in the seventh century with the conversion of the West Saxons at the preaching of Birinus their apostle and first bishop, who, on his landing in 635, found the inhabitants of the district 'most pagan' (pagannissimos) according to Bede. Dorset, it should be remembered, formed no integral part of the West Saxon kingdom in which it afterwards became absorbed and no mention of it occurs under the earlier Wessex bishops whose seat was established at Dorchester (Oxford). While discarding an ancient record which names Cenwalch of Wessex, who died in 672, as one of the 'kings, founders of the church of Sherborne,' an early foundation at Wareham may indicate previous fugitive attempts to draw Dorset into the channel of church organization in Wessex as it then existed by establishing a mission centre to its south-east, but it was not until the military subjugation of the county had been completed that it was swept into the main stream of national ecclesiastical life by the establishment of a bishop-stool at Sherborne in 705 on the death of Bishop Haeddi and the division of the West Saxon diocese.